Holocene Carbonate Refs

References to carbonate stratigraphy and Sedimentology

I - DEPOSITION, ACCUMULATION, FACIES of HOLOCENE CARBONATES

Carbonate Sediment Production
A- Biogenic Sediments
B- Non-Skeletal Sediment

General Carbonate Sedimentology
Sedimentation Related to Depositional Topography and Foundation
Sediment Accumulation, Spatial Distribution, and Facies Models
Rates of Sediment Accumulation and Biogenic Growth
Petrophysical Properties of Holocene Sediments
Computer Simulations Related to Holocene Sedimentation

II - EROSION, TRANSPORT, REDEPOSITION, and Diagenetic Stabilization of HOLOCENE CARBONATES

Sediment Entrainment and Transport of Holocene Carbonates
Environmental Influences on Holocene Sediment Production
Bioerosion and Sediment Production in Holocene Carbonates
Diagenetic Stabilization Relevant to Holocene Carbonates
Sediment Mobility Tied to Sea-Level Change in Holocene Carbonates
Tectonic Influences on Holocene Carbonates

I - DEPOSITION, accumulation, FACIES of HOLOCENE carbonateS (top)

A- Biogenic Sediments

Acker, K.L. and Risk, M.J., 1985. Substrate destruction and sediment production by the boring sponge Cliona caribbaea on Grand Cayman Island. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 55, p. 705-711.

Adey, W.H., 1975. The algal ridges of St. Croix: their structure and Holocene development. Atoll Res. Bull., v. 187, p. 1-67.

Adey, W.H., 1978. Coral reef morphogenesis: a multi-dimensional model. Science, v. 202, p. 831-837.

Adey, W.H., and Macintyre, I.G., 1973. Crustose coralline algae: a re-evaluation in the geological sciences. Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., v. 84, p. 883-903.

Adey, W.H., and Burke, R.B., 1977. Holocene bioherms of the Lesser Antilles - geologic control of development. In, Reefs and Related carbonates - Ecology and Sedimentology, S.H. Frost, M.P. Weiss, J.B., Saunders, eds., Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Studies in Geology, No. 4, p. 67-81.

Aller, R.C., and Dodge, R.E., 1974. Animal-sediment relationships in a tropical lagoon, Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Journal Marine Research, v. 32, p. 209-231.

Andrews, P.B., 1964. Serpulid reefs, Baffin Bay, Southeast Texas. In, Depositional Environments South Central Texas Coast, A.J., Scott, ed., Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc. Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 101-120.

Baker, P.A., and Weber, J.N., 1975. Coral growth rate: variation with depth. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 27, p. 57-61.

Bandy, O.L., 1964. Foraminiferal biofacies in sediments of the Gulf of Batabano, Cuba and their geologic significance. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bull., v. 48, p. 1666-1676.

Blair, S.M., and Norris, J.N., 1988. The deep-water species of Halimeda from San Salvador, Island, Bahamas: species composition, distribution and depth record. Coral Reefs, v. 6, p. 227-236.

Bliefnick, D.M.., 1980. Sedimentology and diagenesis of bryozoan- and sponge-rich carbonate buildups, Great Bahama Bank. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. California, Santa Cruz, 289 pp.

Boardman, M.R. and Neumann, C.A. 1984. Sources of periplatform carbonates: Northwest Providence Channel, Bahamas: Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 54, p. 1110-1123.

Bone, Y., and James, N.P., 1993. Bryozoans as carbonate sediment producers on the cool-water Lacepede Shelf, southern Australia. Sedimentary Geology, v. 86, p. 247-271.

Bosence, D.W.J., 1983. Description and classification of rhodoliths (rhodoids, rhodolites). In, Coated Grains, T.M. Peryt, ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 217-224.

Bosence, D.W.J., 1983. The occurrence and ecology of recent rhodoliths - a review. In, Coated Grains, T.M. Peryt, ed, Springer-Verlag, Berlin., p. 225-242.

Bosence, D.W.J., 1983. Coralline algal reef frameworks. Journal Geological Society, v. 140, p. 365-376.

Bosence, D.W.J., 1984. Construction and preservation of two modern coralline algal reefs, St. Croix, Caribbean. Palaeontology, v. 27, p. 549-574.

Bosence, D., 1989. Biogenic carbonate production in Florida Bay. Bulletin of Marine Sciences: v. 44, p. 419-433.

Bosence, D.W.J., Rowlands, R.J., and Quine, M.L., 1985. Sedimentology and budget of a Recent carbonate mound, Florida Keys. Sedimentology, v. 32, p. 317-343.

Bosellini, A., and Ginsburg, R.N., 1971. Form and internal structure of recent algal nodules (rhodolites) from Bermuda. Journal Geology, v. 79, p. 669-682.

Buddemeier, R.W., and Kinzie, R.A., 1976. Coral growth. Oceanographic Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., v. 14, p. 183-225.

Burne, R.V., and Colwell, J.B., 1982. Temperate carbonate sediments of Northern Spencer Gulf, South Australia: a high salinity ‘foramol' province. Sedimentology, v. 29, p. 223-238.

Cairns, S.D., and Stanley, G.C., 1981. Ahermatypic coral banks: living and fossil counterparts. Proc. 4th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Manila, v. 1, p. 611-618.

Caulet, J., 1972. Recent biogenic calcareous sedimentation on the Algerian continental shelf. In, The Mediterranean Sea, D.J. Stanley, ed., Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Pa., p. 261-277.

chalker, B.E., Barnes, D.J., Dunlap, W.C., and Jokiel, P.L., 1988. Light and reef-building coral: Interdisciplinary Science Review, v. 13, p. 222-237.

Chappell, J., 1980. Coral morphology, diversity and reef growth. Nature, v. 324, p 137-140.

Chave, K.E., Smith, S.V., and Roy, K.J., 1972. carbonate production by coral reefs. Marine Geology, v. 12, p. 123-140.

Choi, D.R., and Ginsburg, R.N., 1983. Distribution of coelobites (cavity dwellers) in coral rubble across the Florida reef tract. Coral Reefs, v. 2, p. 165-172.

Clarke, M.W.H., and Keu, A.J., 1973. Organisms as producers of carbonate sediment and indicators of environment in the southern Persian Gulf. In, The Persian Gulf, B.H. Purser, ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 33-56.

Coles, S.L., 1992. Experimental comparison of salinity tolerance of reef coral from Arabian Gulf and Hawaii. Evidence of hypersaline adaptation: Proc. 7th International Coral Reef Symposium, p. 227-234.

Coles, S.L. and Fadlallah, Y.H., 1991. Reef coral survival and mortality at low temperature in Arabian Gulf, new species-specific lower temperature limits: Coral Reefs, v. 9, p. 231-237.

Collins, L.B.; Zhu, Z. R.; Wyrwoll, K.H.; Hatcher, B.G., Playford, P.E.; Eisenhauer, A.; Chen, J.H.; Wasserburg, G.J.; and Bonani, G., 1993. Holocene growth history of a reef complex on a cool-water carbonate margin; Easter Group of the Houtman Abrolhos, eastern Indian Ocean. Marine Geology, v. 115, p. 29-46.

Cuffey, R.J., 1973. Bryozoan distribution in the modern reefs of Eniwetok atoll and the Bermuda platform. Pacific Geology, v. 6, p. 25-50.

Davies, P.J. and Hopley, D., 1983. Growth fabrics and growth rates of Holocene reefs in the Great Barrier Reef: BMR Bulletin of Australian Geology and Geophysics, v. 8, p. 237-251.

Drew, E.A., 1983. Halimeda biomass, growth rates and sediment generation on reefs in the central Great Barrier Reef province. Coral Reefs, v. 2, p. 101-110.

Driscoll, E.G., 1967. Experimental field study of shell abrasion. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 37, p. 1117-1123.

Farrow, G.E., Allen, N.H., and Akpan, E.B., 1984. Bioclastic carbonate sedimentation a high-latitude, tide-dominated shelf, Northeast Orkney Islands, Scotland. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 54, p. 374-393.

Folk, R.L., and Robles, R., 1964. carbonate sands of Isla Perez, Alacran Reef complex, Yucatan. Journal of Geology, v. 72, p. 255-292.

Freile, D., Milliman, J. D., and Hillis, L., 1995. Leeward bank margin Halimeda meadows and draperies and their sedimentary importance on the western Great Bahama Bank slope. Coral Reefs, v. 14, p. 27-33.

Fricke, H., and Meisschner, D., 1985. Depth limits of Bermudan scleractinian corals: a submersible survey. Marine Biology, v. 88, p. 175-187.

Fütterer, D.K., 1974. Significance of the boring sponge Cliona for the origin of fine grained material of carbonate sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 44, p. 79-84.

Geister, J., 1977. The influence of wave exposure on the ecological zonation of Caribbean coral reefs. Proc. 3rd Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Miami, v. 1, p. 23-29.

Ginsburg, R.N., 1956. Environmental relationships of grain size and constituent particles in some south Florida carbonate sediments. Bull. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists, v. 40, p. 2384-2427.

Ginsburg, R.N., Rezak, R., and Wray, J.L., 1972. Geology of calcareous algae. Univ. of Miami, Comparative Sedimentology Laboratory, Sedimenta I, 40 pp.

Ginsburg, R.N., and James, N.P., 1974. Spectrum of Holocene reef building communities in the western Atlantic, Chapter 7, In, Principles of Benthic Community Analysis, A.M. Zeigler, K.R. Walker, E.J. Anderson, and N.P. James, eds., University of Miami, Comparative Sedimentology Laboratory, Sedimenta IV.

Ginsburg, R.N., Harris, P.M., Eberli, G.P., and Swart, P.K., 1991. The growth potential of a bypass margin, Great Bahama Bank. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 61, p. 976-987.

Gladfelter, E.H., and Monahan, R.K., 1977. Primary production and calcium carbonate deposition rates in Acropora palmata from different positions in the reef. Proc. 3rd Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Miami, v. 1, p. 389-394.

Grammer, G.M., Ginsburg, R.N. and McNeill, D.F., 1991. Morphology and development of modern carbonate foreslopes, Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas. 12th Caribbean Geological Conference St. Croix U.S.V.I., p. 27-32.

Hallock, P., 1981. Production of carbonate sediments by selected large benthic foraminifera on two Pacific coral reefs. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 51, p. 467-474.

Hallock, P. and Schlager, W., 1986. Nutrient excess and the demise of coral reefs and carbonate platforms. Palaios, v. 1, p. 389-398.

Hallock, P., Cottey, T.L., Forward, L.B., and Halas, J., 1986. Population biology and sediment production of Archias Angulatus (foraminifera) in Largo Sound, Florida: Journal of Foraminifer Research, v. 16, p. 1-8.

Hillis, H., 1997. Coralgal reefs from a calcareous green alga perspective, and a first carbonate budget: Proc. 8th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Panama, v. 1, p. 761-766.

Hillis-Collinvaux, L., 1980. Ecology and taxonomy of Halimeda: primary producer of coral reefs. Advances in Marine Biology, v. 17, p. 1-327.

Hillis-Collinvaux, L., 1986. Halimeda growth and diversity on the deep fore-reef of Enewetak Atoll. Coral Reefs, v. 5, p. 19-21.

Hubbard, D.K, Miller, A.I., and Scaturo, D., 1990. Production and cycling of calcium carbonate in a shelf edge reef system (St. Croix, US Virgin Islands): application to the nature of reef systems in the fossil record. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 60, p. 335-360.

Hudson, J.H., 1985. Growth rate and carbonate production in Halimeda opuntia: Marquesas Keys, Florida. In, Paleoalgology: Contemporary Research and Applications, D.F. Toomey and M.H. Nitecki, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 257-263.

Hughes, T., 1983. Life histories and growth rate of coral over a depth gradient: The Ecology of Deep and Shallow Coral. Symp. Ser. Undersea Res., p. 17-20.

James, N.P., 1983. Reef environments. In, Scholle, P.A, Bebout, D.G., and Moore, C.H., eds., Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Memoir 33, p. 346-440.

James, N.P., and Ginsburg, R.N., 1979. The seaward margin of Belize barrier and atoll reefs. International Assoc. of Sedimentologists Special Publication, v. 3, Blackwell, Oxford, 191 pp.

James, N.P., Wray, J.L., and Ginsburg, R.N., 1988. Calcification of encrusting aragonitic algae (Peyssonneliaceace): implications for the origin of Late Paleozoic reefs and cements. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 53, p. 291-303.

James, N.P., and Macintyre, I.G., 1985. Reefs. carbonate depositional environments, modern and ancient. Part 1, Colorado School of Mines Quarterly, v. 80, no. 3, 70 pp.

James, N.P.; Boreen, T.D., Bone, Y., and Feary, D.A., 1994. Holocene carbonate sedimentation on the West Eucla Shelf, Great Australian Bight; a shaved shelf. Sedimentary Geology, v. 90, p. 161-177

Jokiel, P.L. and Coles, S.L., 1977. Effect of temperature on the mortality and growth of Hawaiian reef corals: Marine Biology, v. 43, p. 201-208.

Jokiel, P.L. and Coles, S.L., 1990. Response of Hawaiian and other Indo-pacific reef coral to elevated temperature: Coral Reefs, v. 8, p. 155-162.

Jordan, C.F., Jr., 1973. carbonate facies and sedimentation of patch reefs off Bermuda. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bull., v. 57, p. 42-54.

Kotler, E., Martin, R.E., and Liddell, W.D., 1992. Experimental analysis of abrasion and dissolution resistance of modern reef-dwelling foraminifera: implications for the preservation of biogenic carbonate. Palaios, v. 7, p. 244-276.

Liddell, W.D., Ohlhorst, S.L., and Boss. S.K., 1988. The significance of Halimeda as a space-occupier and sediment producer, 1-750 m, north Jamaica. Proc. 6th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Australia, v. 3, p. 127-132.

Liddell, W.D., Avery, W.E., and Ohlhorst, S.L., 1997. Pattern of benthic community structure, 10-250m, the Bahamas: Proc. 8th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, v. 1, p. 437-442.

Littler, M.M. and Littler, D.S., 1984. A relative dominance model for biotic reefs: Advances in reef sciences, Miami, Florida, The Atlantic Reef committee, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and The International Society for Reef Studies, p. 73-74.

Littler, M.M., Littler, D.S., and Hanisak, D.M., 1991. Deep-water rhodolith distribution, productivity and growth history at sites of formation and subsequent degradation: Journal of Experimental Biology and Ecology, v. 150, p. 163-182.

Macintyre, I.G., Burke, R.B. and Stuckenrath, R., 1977. Thickest recorded Holocene reef section, Isla Pérez core hole, Alacran Reef, Mexico. Geology, v. 5, p. 749-754.

Macintyre, I.G., 1972. Submerged reefs of eastern Caribbean. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bull., v. 56, p. 720-738.

Maiklem, W.R., 1967. Black and brown speckled foraminiferal sand from the southern part of the Great Barrier Reef. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 37, p. 1023-1030.

Maldonado, M. and Young, C.M., 1996. Bathymetric patterns of sponge distribution on the Bahamian slope. Deep-Sea Research, v. 43, p. 897-915.

Monty, C.L., 1967. Distribution and structure of recent stromatolitic algal mats, eastern Andros Island, Bahamas. Ann Soc. Geol. Belg., v. 90, p. 55-100.

Monty, C.L., 1972. Recent algal stromatolitic deposits, Andros Island, Bahamas. Geol. Rdsch., v. 61, p. 742-783.

Moore, H.B., 1972. An estimate of carbonate production by macro-benthos in some tropical, soft-bottom communities. Marine Biology, v. 17, p. 145-148.

Moore, W.E., 1957. Ecology of recent foraminifera in northern Florida Keys. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bulletin, v. 41, p. 727-741.

Murray, J.W., 1965. The Foraminiferida of the Persian Gulf. 2: The Abu Dhabi Region. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 1, p. 307-332.

Murray, J.W., 1966. The Foraminiferida of the Persian Gulf. 3: The Halat al Bahrani Region. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 2, p. 59-68.

Nelson, C.S., Hancock, G.E., and Kamp, P.J.J., 1982. Shelf to basin, temperate skeletal carbonate sediments, Three Kings plateau, New Zealand. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 52, p. 717-732.

Nelsen, J.E. and Ginsburg, R.N., 1986. Calcium carbonate production by epibionts on Thalassia in Florida Bay. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 56, p. 622-628.

Neumann, A.C. and Land, L.S., 1975. Lime mud deposition and calcareous algae in the Bight of Abaco, Bahamas: a budget: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 59, p. 147-161.

Neumann, A.C., and Macintyre, I.G., 1985. Reef response to sea level rise: Keep-up, catch-up or give-up. Proc. 5th Inter. Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, v. 3, p. 105-110.

Payri, C.E., Halimeda contribution to organic and inorganic production in a Tahitian reef system. Coral Reefs, v. 6, p. 251-263.

Reed, J.K., 1985. Deepest distribution of Atlantic hermatypic corals discovered in the Bahamas. Proc. 5th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, v. 6, p. 249-254.

Reid, R.P., Macintyre, I.G., and Post, J.E., 1992, Micritized skeletal grains in northern Belize Lagoon: A major source of Mg-calcite mud: Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 62, p. 145-156.

Robbins, L.L., Yates, K.K., Shinn, G., and Blackwelder, P., 1996. Whitings on the Great Bahama Bank: a microscopic solution to a macroscopic mystery: Bahamas Journal of Science, v. 10, p. 2-7.

Roberts, H.H., and Macintyre, I.G., eds., 1988. Halimeda. Coral Reefs, v. 6, p. 121-271.

Rose, P.R. and Lidz, B., 1977. Diagnostic foraminiferal assemblages of shallow-water modern environments: South Florida and the Bahamas: Sedimenta VI, University of Miami, 53 p.

Schlager, W., 1981. The paradox of drowned reefs and carbonate platforms. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bulletin, v. 92, p. 197-211.

Scholle, P.A., and Kling, S.A., 1972. Southern British Honduras: Lagoonal coccolith ooze. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 42, p. 195-204.

Scoffin, T.P., and Garrett, P., 1974. Processes in the formation and preservation of internal structure in Bermuda patch reefs. Proc. 2nd Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Brisbane, v. 2, p. 429-448.

Scoffin, T.P., Stearn, C.W., Boucher, D., Frydl, P., Hawkins, C.M., Hunter, I.G., and MacGeachy, J.K., 1980. Calcium carbonate budget of a fringing reef on the west coast of Barbados, 2 - erosion, sediments, and internal structure. Bulletin Marine Science, v. 30, p. 475-508.

Scoffin, T.P., Alexandersson, E.T., Bowes, G.E., Clokie, J.J., Farrow, G.E., and Milliman, J.D., 1980. Recent, temperate sub-photic carbonate sedimentation: Rockall Bank, northeast Atlantic. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 50, p. 331-356.

Sheppard, C.R.C., 1982. Coral populations on reef slopes and their major controls. Marine Ecology Prog. Ser. v. 7, p. 83-115.

Shinn, E.A., 1972. Worm and algal-built columnar stromatolites in the Persian Gulf. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 42, p. 837-840.

Shinn, E.A., 1980. Geologic history of Grecian rocks, Key Largo Coral Reef Marine Sanctuary. Bulletin Marine Science, v. 30, p. 646-656.

Stearn, C.W., 1982. The shapes of Paleozoic and modern reef builders: a critical review. Paleobiology, v. 8, p. 228-241.

Stearn, C.W. and Scoffin, T.P., 1977. The carbonate budget of a fringing reef, Barbados. Proc. 3rd Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Miami, v. 2, p. 471-476.

Stearn, C.W., Scoffin, T.P., and Martindale, W., 1977. Calcium carbonate budget of a fringing reef on the west coast of Barbados. Part 1. Zonation and productivity. Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 27, p. 479-510.

Steneck, R.S. and Testa, V., 1997. Are calcareous algae important to reefs today or in the past? Symposium Summary: 8th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, v. 1, p. 685-698.

Stockman, K.W., Ginsburg, R.N. and Shinn, E.A., 1967. The production of lime mud by algae in south Florida: Journal of Sedimentary Petrography, v. 37, p. 633-648.

Stoddart, D.R., 1969. Ecology and morphology of recent coral reefs. Biol. Reviews, v. 44, p. 433-498.

Swinchatt, J.P., 1965. Significance of constituent composition, texture, and skeletal breakdown in some Recent carbonate sediments. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 35, p. 71-90.

Triffleman, H.J., Hallock, P., Hine, A.C., and Peebles, M.W., 1991. Distribution of foraminiferal tests in sediments of Serranilla Bank, Nicaraguan Rise, southwestern Caribbean. Journal Foraminiferal Research, v. 21, p. 39-47.

Wallace, J., and Schafersman, S.D., 1977. Patch-reef ecology and sedimentology of Glovers Reef Atoll, Belize. In, Reefs and Related carbonates - Ecology and Sedimentology, S.H. Frost, M.P. Weiss, and J.B. Saunders, eds., Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Studies in Geology No. 4, p. 37-53.

Wass, R.E., Conolly, J.R., MacIntyre, R.J., 1970. Bryozoan carbonate sand continuous along southern Australia. Marine Geology, v. 9, p. 63-73.

Wilson, J.B., 1979. Biogenic carbonate sediments on the Scottish continental shelf and on Rockall Bank. Marine Geology, v. 33, p. 85-93.

Young, H.R., and Nelson, C.S., 1988. Endolithic biodegradation of cool-water skeletal carbonates on the Scott Shelf, northwestern Vancouver Island, Canada. Sedimentary Geology, v. 60, p. 251-267.

B- Non-Skeletal Sediments (top)

Blom, W., and Alsop, D., 1988. carbonate mud sedimentation on a temperate shelf: Bass basin, southeast Australia. Sedimentary Geology, v. 60, p. 259-280.

Boss, S.K. and Neumann, A.C., 1993. Physical versus chemical processes of ‘whiting" formation in the Bahamas. carbonates and Evaporites, v. 8, p. 135-148.

Broecker, W.S. and Takahashi, T., 1966. Calcium carbonate precipitation on the Bahamas Banks. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 71, p. 1575-1602.

Chafetz, H.S., 1986. Marine peloids: a product of bacterially induced precipitation of calcite. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 56, p. 812-817.

Cros, P.G., 1979. Genesis of oolites and grapestones, the Bahama Platform (Joulters Cays and the Great Bahama Bank). Bull. Cent. Rech. Explor-Prod. Elf Aquitaine, v. 3, p. 63-139.

Davies, G.R., 1970. Algal laminated sediments, Gladestone Embayment, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Mem. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists, No. 13, p. 169-205.

Davies, P.J., Bubela, B., and Ferguson, J., 1978. The formation of ooids. Sedimentology, v. 25, p. 703-730.

Deelman, J.C., 1978. Experimental ooids and grapestones: carbonate aggregates and their origin. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 49, p. 1269-1278.

Dill, R.F., Shinn, E.A., Jones, A.T., Kelly, K., and Steinen, R.P., 1986. Giant subtidal stromatolites forming in normal salinity waters. Nature, v. 324, p. 55-58.

Ellis, J.P., and Milliman, J.D., 1986. Calcium carbonate suspended in Arabian Gulf and Red Sea waters: biogenic and detrital, not ‘chemogenic'. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 55, p. 805-808.

Fabricus, F.H., 1977. Origin of marine ooids and grapestones. Contributions to Sedimentology, No. 7, 113 pp.

Farrow, G.E., and Fyfe, J.A., 1988. Bioerosion and carbonate mud production on high-latitude shelves. Sedimentary Geology, v. 60, p. 281-297.

Freeman, T., 1962. Quiet water oolites from Laguna Madre, Texas. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 32, p. 475-483.

Friedman, G.M., Amiel, A.J., Braun, M., and Miller, D.S., 1973. Generation of carbonate particles and laminites in algal mats - example from sea-marginal hypersaline pool, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Bull. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists, v. 57, p. 541-557.

Garrett, P., et al., 1971. Physiography, ecology and sediments of two Bermuda patch reefs. Journal Geology, v. 79, p. 647-668.

Gerdes, G., Dunajtschik-Piewak, K, Riege, H., Taher, A.G., Krumbein, W.E., and Reineck, H.E., 1994. Structural diversity of biogenic carbonate particles in microbial mats. Sedimentology, v. 41, p. 1273-1294.

Harris, P.M., 1979. Facies anatomy and diagenesis of a Bahamian ooid shoal. Sedimenta VII., Univ. of Miami, FL., 163 pp.

Harris, P.M.,1983. The Joulters ooid shoal, Great Bahama Bank. In, Coated Grains, T.M. Peryt, ed., Springer Verlag, New York, p. 132-141.

Hine, A.C., 1977. Lily Bank, Bahamas; history of an active oolite sand shoal. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 47, p. 1554-1581.

Hoffmeister, J.E., Stockman, K.W., and Multer, H.G., 1967. Miami limestone of Florida and its Recent Bahamian counterpart. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., v. 78, p. 175-190.

Horodyski, R.J., and Von der Haar, S.P., 1975. Recent calcareous stromatolites from Laguna Mormona (Baja California) Mexico. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 45, p. 894-906.

Kendall, C.G.St.C and Skipwith, P.A.d'E., 1968. Recent algal mats of a Persian Gulf lagoon. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 38, p. 1040-1058.

Kobluc, D.R., and Risk, M.J., 1977. Calcification of exposed filaments of endolithic algae, micrite envelope formation and sediment production. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 47, p. 517-528.

Land, L.S., 1970, carbonate mud: Production by epibiont growth on Thalassia testudinum. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 40, p. 1361-1363.

Lowenstam, H.A., 1955, Aragonite needles secreted by algae and some sedimentary implications. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 25, p. 270-272.

Lowenstam, H.A., and Epstein, S., 1957. On the origin of sedimentary aragonite needles of the Great Bahama Bank. Journal of Geology, v. 65, p. 364-375.

Macintyre, I.G., and Reid, R.P., 1992. Comment on the origin of aragonite needle mud: a picture is worth a thousand words. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 62, p. 1095-1097.

Maiklem, W.R., 1970. The Capricorn Reef complex, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 38, p. 785-798.

Matthews, R.K., 1966. Areal variation in constituent particle composition of lime mud in southern British Honduras. Geol. Soc. America, Spec. Paper, p 102-103

Matthews, R.K., 1966. Genesis of Recent lime mud in southern British Honduras. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 36, p. 428-454.

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General carbonate Sedimentology (top)

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Petrophysical Properties of Holocene Sediments (top)

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Computer Simulations Related to Holocene Sedimentation (top)

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II - EROSION, TRANSPORT, REDEPOSITION, and Diagenetic Stabilization of HOLOCENE carbonateS (top)

Sediment Entrainment and Transport of Holocene carbonates (top)

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Roberts, H.H., and Phipps, C.V., 1988. Proposed oceanographic controls on modern Indonesian reefs: a turn-off/turn-on mechanism in a monsoonal setting. Proc. 6th Inter. Coral Reef Symposium, Townsville, v. 3, p. 529-534

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Bioerosion and Sediment Production in Holocene carbonates (top)

Acker, K.L. and Risk, M.J., 1985. Substrate destruction and sediment production by the boring sponge Cliona caribbaea on Grand Cayman Island. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 55, p. 705-711.

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Fütterer, D. K., 1974. Significance of the boring sponge Cliona for the origin of fine grained material of carbonate sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 44, p. 79-84.

Golubic, S., Perkins, R.D., and Lukas, K.J., 1975. Boring microorganisms and microborings in carbonate substrates, In, trace fossils, R.W. Frey, ed., p. 229-259, Springer-Verlag, New York.

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Hutchings, P.A., and Bamber, L., 1985. Variability of bioerosion rates at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef: preliminary attempts to explain these rates and their significance. Proc. 5th Inter. Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, v. 2, p. 333-338.

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May, J.A., and Perkins, R.D., 1979. Endolithic infestation of carbonate substrates below the sediment-water interface. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 49, p. 357-378.

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Tudhope, A.W., and Scoffin, T.P., 1984. The effects of Callianasa bioturbation on the preservation of carbonate grains in Davies Reef lagoon, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 54, p. 1091-1096.

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Diagenetic Stabilization Relevant to Holocene carbonates (top)

Alexandersson, T., 1972. Intragranular growth of marine aragonite and Mg-calcite: Evidence of precipitation form supersaturated sea water. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 42, p. 441-460.

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Halley, R.B. and Harris, P.M., 1979. Freshwater cementation of a l,000-year old oolite. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 49, p. 969-988.

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James, N.P., Ginsburg, R.N., Marszalek, D.S., and Choquette, P.W., 1976. Facies and fabric specificity of early subsea cements in shallow Belize (British Honduras) reefs. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 46, p. 523-544.

Khalaf, F., Milliman, J.D., and Druffel, E.M., 1987. Submarine limestones in the nearshore environment off Kuwait, northern Arabian Gulf. Sedimentology, v. 34, p. 67-75.

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Macintyre, I.G., 1985. Submarine cements - the peloidal question. In, carbonate Cements, N. Schneidermann and P.M. Harris, eds., Spec. Pub. Soc. Econ. Paleont. Miner. No. 36, p. 109-116.

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Marshall, J.F., 1986. Regional distribution of submarine cements within an epicontinental reef system: central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. In, Reef Diagenesis, J.H. Schroeder, and B.H. Purser, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 8-26.

Mazzullo, S.J., Reid, A.M., and Gregg, J.M., 1987. Dolomitization of Holocene Mg-calcite supratidal deposits, Ambergris Cay, Belize. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bulletin, v. 98, p. 224-231.

Mazzullo, S.J., and Birdwell, B.A., 1989. Syngenetic formation of grainstones and pisolites from fenestral carbonates in peritidal settings. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 59, p. 605-611.

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Mitchell, J.T., Land, L.S., and Miser, D.E., 1987. Modern marine dolomite cement in a north Jamaica fringing reef. Geology, v. 15, p. 557-560.

Moore, C.H., 1973. Intertidal carbonate cementation, Grand Cayman, West Indies. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 43, p. 591-602.

Multer, H.G., 1971. Holocene cementation on skeletal grains into beachrock, Dry Tortugas, Florida. In, carbonate Cements, O. Bricker, ed., The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Geology No. 19, p. 25-26.

Patterson, W.P., and Walter, L.M., 1994. Syndepositonal diagenesis of modern platform carbonates: evidence from isotopic and minor element data. Geology, v. 22, p. 127-130.

Pigott, J.D., and Land, L.S., 1986. Interstitial water chemistry of Jamaican reef sediment: sulfate reduction and submarine cementation. Marine Chemistry, v. 19, p. 355-378.

Reid, R.P., and Macintyre, I.G., 1998. carbonate recrystallization in shallow marine environments: a widespread diagenetic process forming micritized grains. Journal Sedimentary Research, v. 68, p. 928-946.

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Shinn, E.A., 1968. Selective dolomitization of recent sedimentary structures. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 38, p. 212-216.

Shinn, E.A., 1969. Submarine lithification of Holocene carbonate sediments in the Persian Gulf. Sedimentology, v. 12, p. 109-144.

Shinn, E.A., 1971. Aspects of diagenesis of algal cup reefs in Bermuda. Trans. Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Socs., v. 21, p. 387-394.

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Shinn, E.A., and Robbin, D.A., 1983. Mechanical and chemical compaction in fine grained shallow-water limestones. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 53, p. 595-618.

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Strasser, A., 1984. Black-pebble occurrence and genesis in Holocene carbonate sediments (Florida Keys, Bahamas, and Tunisia). Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 54, p. 1097-1109.

Strasser, A., Davaud, E., and Jedoui, Y., 1989. carbonate cements in Holocene beachrock: example from Bahiret el Biban, southeastern Tunisia. Sedimentary Geology, v. 62, p. 89-100.

Taft, W.H., 1961. Authigenic dolomite in modern carbonate sediments along the southern coast of Florida. Science, v. 134, p. 561-562.

Taft, W.H., 1968. Lithification of modern marine carbonate sediments at Yellow Bank, Bahamas. Bull. Marine Science, v. 18, p. 762-828.

Taylor, J.C.M., and Illing L.V., 1969. Holocene intertidal calcium carbonate cementation, Qatar, Persian Gulf. Sedimentology, v. 12, p. 69-107.

Taylor, J.C.M., and Illing, L.V., 1971. Development of Recent cemented layers within intertidal sand-flats, Qatar, Persian Gulf. In, carbonate Cements, O. Bricker, ed., Johns Hopkins Univ. Studies in Geology No. 19, p. 27-31.

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Whittle, G.L., Kendall, C.G.St.C., Dill, R.F., and Rouch, L., 1993. carbonate cement fabrics displayed: a traverse across the margin of the Bahamas platform near Lee Stocking Island in the Exuma Cays. Marine Geology, v. 110, p. 213-243.

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Sediment Mobility Tied to Sea-Level Change in Holocene carbonates (top)

Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Arnold, M., Montaggioni, L, Cabioch, G., Faure, G., and Rougerie, F., 1996. Deglacial sea-level record from Tahiti corals and the timing of global meltwater discharge. Nature, v. 382, p. 241-244.

Blanchon, P., and Shaw, J., 1995. Reef drowning during the last deglaciation: Evidence for catastrophic sea-level rise and ice-sheet collapse. Geology, v. 23, p. 4-8.

Burne, R.V., 1982. Relative fall of Holocene sea level and coastal progradation, northeastern Spencer Gulf, Australia. BMR J. Aust. Geol. & Geophy., v. 7, p. 35-45.

Cook, H.E., and Taylor, M.E., 1991. carbonate-slope failures as indicators of sea level lowerings. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists, v. 75, p., 556 (abstract).

Digerfeldt, G., and Hendry, M.D., 1987. An 8000 year Holocene sea-level record from Jamaica: implications for interpretation of Caribbean reef and coastal history. Coral Reefs, v. 5, p. 165-169.

Dominguez, L.L., and Mullins, H., 1988. Cat Island platform, Bahamas: an incipiently drowned Holocene carbonate shelf. Sedimentology, v. 35, p. 805-819.

Fairbanks, R.G., 1989. A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: Influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation. Nature, v. 342, p. 637-642.

Hine, A.C., and Steinmetz, J.C., 1984. Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas - A partially drowned carbonate platform. Marine Geology, v. 59,p. 135-164.

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Kendall, C.G.St.C., and Schlager, W., 1981. carbonates and relative changes in sea level. Marine Geology, v. 44, p. 181-212.

Lighty, R.G., Macintyre, I.G., and Stuckenrath, R., 1982. Acropora palmata reef framework: a reliable indicator of sea level in the Western Atlantic for the past 10,000 years. Coral Reefs, v. 1, p. 125-130.

Locker, S.D., Hine, A.C., Tedesco, L.P., and Shinn, E.A., 1996. Magnitude and timing of episodic sea-level rise during the last deglaciation. Geology, v. 24, p. 827-830.

Parkinson, R.W., 1989. Decelerating Holocene sea-level rise and its influence on southwest Florida coastal evolution: a transgressive/regressive stratigraphy. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 59, p. 960-972.

Tectonic Influences on Holocene carbonates (top)

Cisne, J.L., 1986. Earthquakes recorded stratigraphically on carbonate platforms. Nature, v. 323, p. 320-322.

Esker, D., Eberli, G.P., and McNeill, D.F., 1998. The structural and sedimentological controls on the reoccupation of Quaternary incised valleys, Belize southern lagoon. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bulletin, v. 82, p. 2075-2109.

Galewsky, Joseph; Silver, Eli A.; Gallup, Christina D.; Edwards, R. L.; Potts, Donald C., 1996. Foredeep tectonics and carbonate platform dynamics in the Huon Gulf, Papua New Guinea. Geology, v. 24, p. 819-822.

Hine, A.C., Locker, S.D., Tedesco, L., Mullins, H.T., Hallock, P., Belknap, D.F., Gonzales, J.L., Neumann, A.C., and Snyder, S.W., 1992. Megabreccia shedding from low relief carbonate platforms in an active tectonic setting, Nicaraguan Rise. Geol. Soc. of Amer. Bulletin, v. 104, p. 928-943.

Mullins, H.T., Dolan, J., Breen, N., Andersen, B., Gaylord, M., Petruccione, J.L., Wellner, R.W., Melillo, A.J., and Jurgens, A.D., 1991. Retreat of carbonate platforms: response to tectonic processes. Geology, v. 19, p. 1089-1092.

Purdy, E.G., 1998. Structural termination of the southern end of the Belize Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs, v. 17, p. 231-234.

Woodroffe, C.D., Stoddart, D.R., Spencer, T., Scoffin, T.P., and Tudhope, A.W., 1990. Holocene emergence in the Cook Islands, South Pacific. Coral Reefs, v. 9, p. 31-39.

Holocene Mixed carbonate-Siliciclastic Depositional Settings (top)

Acker, K.L., and Stearn, C.W., 1990. carbonate-siliciclastic facies transition and reef growth on the northeast coast of Barbados, West Indies. Journal Sedimentary Petrology, v. 60, p. 18-25.

Belperio, A.P., 1983. Terrigenous sedimentation in the central Great Barrier Reef lagoon: a model from the Burdekin region. Journal Australian Geol. Geophys., v. 8, p. 179-190.

Belperio, A.P., and Searle, D.E., 1988. Terrigenous and carbonate sedimentation in the Great Barrier Reef province. In, carbonate-Clastic Transitions, L.J. Doyle and H.H. Roberts, eds., Elsevier, New York, p. 143-174.

Cortes, J.N., and Risk, M.J., 1985. A reef under siltation stess: Cahuita, Costa Rica. Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 36, p. 339-356.

Dolan, J.F., 1989. eustatic and tectonic controls on deposition of hybrid siliciclastic/carbonate basinal cycles: discussion with examples. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, p. 1233-1246.

El Haddad, A.E., Aissaoui, D.M., and Soliman, M.A., 1984. Mixed carbonate-siliciclastic sedimentation on a Miocene fault block, Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Sedimentary Geology, v. 37, p. 185-202.

Esker, D., 1998. The interplay between tectonics and eustasy in a modern mixed carbonate-siliciclastic system, southern Belize lagoon. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL., 282 pp.

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